Organic vs. Conventional Farming: Which is Better for the Environment?

UncategorizedBy May 28, 2023

The article discusses the differences between organic and conventional farming and their respective impacts on the environment. Organic farming does not use synthetic chemicals, GMOs or pesticides to raise livestock or grow crops, instead employing natural fertilizers and pest control measures. Its benefits include protecting soil health, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and promoting biodiversity, but the method is expensive and produces lower yields. Conventional farming, which utilises synthetic pesticides and fertilisers, destroys soil health and pollutes soil, water and wildlife. While conventional farming produces higher yields and is a cheaper option, the article concludes that it is not a sustainable method for the future.


Farming is a vital component of any country’s economy and way of life. Today, we are witnessing a rapid increase in population, and as a result, the demand for food continues to rise. Organic and conventional farming have been the two most common methods of farming, and people have always wondered which method is better for the environment. In this article, we will discuss organic vs. conventional farming and which is better for the environment.

Organic Farming:

Organic farming is the process of growing crops and raising livestock without the use of synthetic chemicals, fertilizers, genetically modified organisms (GMOs), and pesticides. Organic farmers use natural means of fertilizing the soil and controlling pests, like crop rotation, compost, and natural predators, to maintain soil health, biodiversity, and reduce the effects of farming on the environment.

Advantages of Organic Farming:

1. Protects soil health: Organic farming reduces soil erosion, promotes soil health and fertility, and helps retain water in the soil, thus reducing water runoff.

2. Reduction in greenhouse gases: Organic farming reduces greenhouse gas emissions as it avoids the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides that emit carbon dioxide and other harmful gases.

3. Improved biodiversity: Organic farming promotes biodiversity by farming practices like crop rotation, use of natural fertilizers, and cover crops.

Disadvantages of organic farming:

1. Expensive: Organic farming is expensive as compared to conventional farming.

2. Lower yields per acre: Organic farming produces lower yields as compared to conventional farming.

Conventional Farming:

Conventional farming involves using synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, and GMOs to increase yield and protect crops from pests and diseases. The method involves using heavy machinery to crop the land and genetically modifying seeds to resist pests and diseases.

Advantages of conventional farming:

1. High yields: Conventional farming produces higher yields than organic farming.

2. Cheaper: Conventional farming is more affordable as compared to organic farming.

Disadvantages of conventional farming:

1. Soil degradation: Conventional farming methods lead to soil degradation and erosion, unhealthy for the environment.

2. Use of Chemicals: Conventional farming uses synthetic pesticides and fertilizers that have a massive environmental impact and cause harm to wildlife, water bodies, and soil.


The world must find ways to protect the environment today, and these methods must consider the future. Organic farming is a crucial way of enhancing sustainable, responsible, and environmentally-friendly agriculture. Given the disadvantages of conventional farming, it’s evident that it’s not the better option for our environment. While it’s unrealistic to halt all conventional farming practices immediately, it’s essential to adopt more environmentally-friendly agriculture practices in the long run.


1. Why is organic farming more expensive?
Organic farming is more expensive because it requires more manual labor and resources, like natural fertilizers, which are costly, making the final product pricier.

2. Can conventional farming ever become sustainable?
Yes, conventional farming can become sustainable, but it requires adopting more environmentally-friendly practices, like crop rotation, maintaining healthy soil, and reducing the use of chemicals.

3. Is organic farming better for human health?
Organic farming is better for human health because it avoids the use of synthetic pesticides, fertilizers, and GMOs that can be harmful to human health, producing healthier crops.